After taking a look at the life story of British writer George Orwell, who is known for his important works such as 1984 and Animal Farm, we will examine his work Animal Farm.
Animal Farm Price Comparison
|Amazon (Kindle)||Sanage Publication||$0.00|
|Barnes and Noble||Signet Publishing||$8.99|
|Barnes and Noble (Nook)||Wolf Haus Publishing||ERROR|
Who is George Orwell?
George Orwell was born in 1903 in India. Orwell’s father, whose real name was Eric Arthur Blair, was an Englishman stationed in India and his mother was French. Growing up in an aristocrat-dominated environment, Orwell completed his education at Eton College, which only the nobility could attend.
Orwell, who entered the Imperial Police Service in India instead of going to university, worked as a policeman between 1922-27, but resigned after seeing the inside of the Imperial administration. He joined the Republican militia in the Spanish Civil War, which he started watching as a newspaper reporter in the 1930s, rose to the rank of lieutenant and even came back from the dead by being shot by a sniper.
His experiences in this war made him write the work Homepage to Catalonia. Orwell’s favorite writer, Jack London, had a great influence on Orwell’s start to write narratives, who started managing the literature page in the Tribune newspaper in 1943.
He achieved his real fame with Animal Farm, which he published in 1945. His novel 1984, which was published four years later, was evaluated as a brave, prestigious, political and successful novel and made a big splash. The passing years have increased the value of the novels and made them classics.
Maybe he would have produced many more classical works, but he died in London on January 21, 1950, at the age of 46, due to the explosion of a vein in his lung. He packed ten books and countless articles into his short life full of wars and political breaks. The most striking of these works were undoubtedly 1984 and Animal Farm.
Summary of Animal Farm
Animal Farm is set on a principality farm in England owned by Mr. Jones. The summary of Animal Farm is as follows: One day, one of the pigs known as Big Chief calls all the residents of the farm to an evening meeting to tell about the dream he had at night. All the animals come together after the place is quiet. Three dogs named Bluebell, Jessie and Pincher, three horses named Boxer, Clover and Mollie, a donkey named Muriel and Benjamin, sheep, chickens and pigs meet in the barn.
In his speech, Big Chief mentions that people steal their labor and that their only enemies are people. He says that what animals have to do is revolt against their owners. However, Big Chief dies in his sleep three nights later. Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer are among the other pigs. This trio gathers Big Chief’s teachings under the concept of Animalism.
One June day, Mr. Jones gets drunk and forgets his way to the farm. And when he comes, he goes straight to sleep. When the animals on the farm, which is already in a politically turbulent period, cannot stand their hunger, they break the door of the barn and feed their stomachs. When Jones comes with whips and starts whipping the animals, this is the last straw.
The uprising, previously only mentioned and not yet planned, takes place in a flash. The animals that revolt against the people take over the farm.
Meanwhile, Napoleon and Snowball, who learned to read and write from a children’s book they found among the garbage, change the name of the farm to Animal Farm. He collects the basic principles of animalism in seven commandments and writes them on the wall:
- Anyone who walks on two legs will be known as the enemy.
- Anyone who walks on all fours or has wings will be known as a friend.
- No animal shall wear clothes.
- No animal will sleep in the bed.
- No animal shall drink.
- No animals will be killed.
- All animals are equal.
The uprising resulted in success, but it does not end there. Work on the farm must also continue.
While all the animals are working, the pigs do not work, they lead and supervise the others. Among the pigs, two names are struggling for power. Snowball and Napoleon. These two, who never get along, constantly contradict each other, what one calls white, the other constantly calls black. The days passed. In early October, Jones and his men launch a raid to retake the farm, but are again defeated by the animals. This struggle is called the War of the Cowl.
After the war, the conflict between Snowball and Napoleon resumes. Snowball has a windmill project in mind. The project, which is planned to provide electricity to the entire farm, promises that animals will have to work less. But, as always, Napoleon continues to oppose him.
One day, while the duo were making their promises, Napoleon’s pack of dogs attacked Snowball and this caused Snowball to escape from Animal Farm. Napoleon took over the government by making a coup against his opponent. Thus, the Windmill project is shelved. Until Napoleon made this project his own…
The farm requires external materials to complete the project. For this, a lawyer named Mr. Whymper becomes Animal Farm’s intermediary with the outside world. All animals work hard for construction. Although they bring the construction to half, a storm that winter causes all their efforts to be wasted. Napoleon blames Snowball for this incident.
They start construction again. Napoleon points to Snowball as the scapegoat or responsible for all the bad events on the farm, he continues to neglect the Seven Commandments by having their dogs slaughter all animals that oppose him. Meanwhile, people once again attack the farm and shatter the walls of the mill where they worked so hard. However, they still cannot win this war. This war is called the Windmill War.
Years pass. Seasons change, animals die one by one. Finally, the windmill was completed and a second one started to be built. However, while the quality of life of pigs increases, that of other animals decreases. Pigs started to manipulate other animals by standing on two legs with whips in their hands and just like humans.
The Topic of Animal Farm
Animals are the main characters of Animal Farm. The animals living on the farm one day rebel against their owner, Mr. Jones, and take over the management. Throughout the book, we witness this uprising and the processes after it. Pigs are the real rulers of animals that want to live an egalitarian life. Farm residents with hope, who start a new life under the leadership of the pigs, actually change only one owner. From under Mr. Jones or the dictatorship of humans to the dictatorship of pigs…
Let us leave aside the historical reference of the novel to Stalin. Throughout the work, we witness a reflection of the experiences of all backward civilizations.
Animal Farm Quotes
The most catchy and familiar quote from the animal farm is as follows.
“All Animals Are Equal, But Some Animals Are More Equal Than Others.”
The tone of the text is high enough for Orwell to produce slogans. However, as a writer, Orwell’s way of narrating events and leaning on emotions is also highly qualified.
“I don’t know when this uprising will take place, it may be in a week or a hundred years, but I see it as I see the straw under my feet: sooner or later the truth will find its way.”
General Evaluation of Animal Farm
Although the main emphasis of the book is on its subject, it is difficult to encounter a literary error in its language and expression. What makes the subject so prominent is the language Orwell chose to use while handling this narrative.
Orwell tells the story of a group of people who spend their lives oppressing others and benefiting from their efforts in a rotten and corrupt order.
We can say that the world has gone one step further since 1945, when the book was written, but it is also possible to see that many things have not changed even the slightest.
Not feeling like Clover in the book all of a sudden and constantly asking “What happened to us?” In order not to ask the question, we should read this book again and again, understand it well, and structure our own world and life accordingly.
Books of George Orwell
The author, who died at the age of 46, left behind ten books and countless articles. After his death, some of his articles were compiled and they were also made into a book. You can find George Orwell’s works, which have been translated into dozens of languages, below.
- Burmese Days
- A Clergyman’s Daughter
- Keep the Aspidistra Flying
- Why I Write
- Coming Up for Air
- Animal Farm
- Nineteen Eighty-Four
- Down and Out in Paris and London
- The Road to Wigan Pier
- Homage to Catalonia
By the way, for a while, Animal Farm was screened at the Turkish State Theatre. Actors as pigs played the entire game on their toes to look like pigs. It was a wonderful adaptation. You can see the presentation below.
Animal Farm Review
Briefly My Opinion
It is mostly known for its references to Stalin and its political aspects, but it is also one of the strongest criticisms of the system that will never get old in terms of literature.